Horstmann's Silver Fir
Horstmann's Silver Fir
 

Abies koreana 'Horstmann's Silberlocke'

Horstmann's Silver Fir

Upwardly-curved, deep green needles reveal a contrasting bright silver-white underside. Produces an abundance of large showy cones held upright along the branches. Grows slowly, developing into a striking specimen. Thrives in cool summer regions, though considered somewhat more heat tolerant than many firs. Evergreen.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

6-12', 12-25'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

n/a

Horstmann's Silver Fir
 
Blue Noble Fir
Blue Noble Fir
 

Abies procera 'Glauca'

Blue Noble Fir

Abies procera ‘Glauca’ is one of the more elegant firs, this steely-blue cultivar is a slow starter when young but after a few years will show moderate growth eventually achieving 65 feet (20m) in height with a pyramidal, upright habit. Produces eye-catching upright blue cones which turn brown with age.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

25-40', 40-60'

Width Range

25-40'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Blue Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray

Blue Noble Fir
 
Flowering Maple
Flowering Maple
 

Abutilon hybrids

Flowering Maple

Flowering Maple usually grow to 8'-10' tall and as wide. Most will tolerate frost to 25 degrees F or lower with some damage. All are irresistible to hummingbirds with their showy flowers and heavy nectar production. They will take sun to moderately deep shade and little or no summer watering in coastal areas. They should be given more shade and water in hotter, drier climates. They make an excellent plant for containers.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6', 6-12'

Width Range

3-6', 6-12'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

n/a

Flowering Maple
 
Indian Mallow
Indian Mallow
 

Abutilon palmeri

Indian Mallow

Herbaceous shrub with velvety, heart-shaped leaves. Grows quickly to 4' x 3'. Good for subtropical effect. Plant it next to a patio to enjoy soft texture. Takes full sun or partial shade. Takes reflected heat. May freeze in colder climates. Cup-shaped, gold-colored blooms on and off during warm months. Arizona Native.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Gold

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Silver

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Windy Conditions, Alkaline Soil

Indian Mallow

Designer Notes

Frost tolerant to 20 F.

 

 
Fernleaf Acacia
Fernleaf Acacia
 

Acacia baileyana

Fernleaf Acacia

This is one of the showiest Acacias for western gardens. It usually grows to 15' in height, with a compact, dense habit; it is one of the first plants to flower, blooming heavily in late winter. It has soft textured, gray green or blue green leaves. It is drought tolerant one it's established and originates from Southeastern Australia. Prune after bloom cycle is done to remove dead branches or to thin. Also called Cootamundra Wattle. Each leaf has 2-10 primary leaflets (pinnae) and there are 20-30 pinnules per pinna. This is one of the hardiest Acacias. It can grow to 25’ in 6 years, but generally only live 20-30 years. It is not particular as to soil and no fertilizer is required

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

12-25', 25-40'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Winter

Leaf Color

Blue Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Smog, Alkaline Soil

Fernleaf Acacia
 
Little River Wattle
Little River Wattle
 

Acacia cognata 'Cousin Itt'

Little River Wattle

This low shiny ground cover has a low mounding form. It does well in both hot inland or coastal settings, needing little water or care once established. It is a great addition to Mediterranean style gardens, excellent for hillside plantings, rock gardens, mass plantings and with dry creek beds. It is small in stature growing less than 2 feet tall and 4 feet wide. It looks like side-ways bamboo.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Deer

Little River Wattle
 
Knife Acacia
Knife Acacia
 

Acacia cultriformis

Knife Acacia

This evergreen shrub will grow about 10-15' tall and 10-15' wide. It has small, silvery gray, very uniquely shaped leaves. It has clusters of yellow flowers that bloom in late winter to early spring. Somewhat cold sensitive. Also known as: Knife Blade Acacia

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Shrub

Height Range

6-12', 12-25'

Width Range

6-12', 12-25'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Winter, Spring

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

n/a

Knife Acacia
 
Spreading Acacia 'Low Boy'
Spreading Acacia 'Low Boy'
 

Acacia redolens 'Low Boy'

Spreading Acacia 'Low Boy'

Native to inland areas of Western Australia, this shrub is used extensively in Southern California and Arizona as a groundcover. A single plant can spread to 12' making it an economical choice. It has thick, gray-green evergreen phyllodes which can be chlorotic with too much water. During spring, small yellow puffballs smell of vanilla. Tolerates alkaline and slightly saline soils. In coastal situations, needs nearly no water. Low Boy is more prostrate than the parent plant and does not tend to pile up on top of itself.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

6-12', 12-25'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Blue Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Windy Conditions, Smog, Alkaline Soil

Spreading Acacia 'Low Boy'
 
Hedge Maple
Hedge Maple
 

Acer campestre

Hedge Maple

Hedge maple is usually low-branched with a rounded form, but there is considerable variability from one tree to the next. The branches are slender and branch profusely, lending a fine texture to the landscape particularly during winter. Lower branches can be removed to create clearance beneath the crown for vehicles and pedestrians. The tree eventually reaches a height and spread of 30 to 35 feet but it grows slowly. The small stature and vigorous growth make this an excellent street tree for residential areas, or perhaps in downtown urban sites. However, it grows a little too tall for planting beneath some power lines. It is also suitable as a patio or yard shade tree because it stays small and creates dense shade.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

25-40'

Width Range

25-40'

Flower Color

Green, Yellow

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green, Red

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Hedge Maple
 
Vine Maple
Vine Maple
 

Acer circinatum

Vine Maple

This plant is either a shrub or small tree that reaches 35' in height . It has light green leaves which turn orange-scarlet in the fall. It also has new spring foliage with a reddish hue. A. circinatum can be used as an espalier against a wall. To accent Vine Maple effectively, plant it with the Douglas Fir, Western Sword Fern, as well as the Oregon-Grape. It has a color that is especially striking during the fall season.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Shrub

Height Range

12-25'

Width Range

12-25'

Flower Color

Green, Red

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Vine Maple
 
Variegated Box Elder
Variegated Box Elder
 

Acer negundo 'Variegatum'

Variegated Box Elder

This Acer is deciduous accent tree that assumes a medium size. The foliage produced is green and creamy (variegated) and the seed pods are weeping-looking. Looks good an accent with an oak tree. This tree may be difficult to find; you can substitute with 'Flamingo' cultivated variety.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

40-60'

Width Range

25-40'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green, White, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium, High

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Poor, Well-drained, Moist, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Wet Conditions

Variegated Box Elder
 
Norway Maple
Norway Maple
 

Acer platanoides

Norway Maple

The Norway Maple grows conspicuously wide giving it a regal form. They can be as wide as 60-100 ft and always shorter than their height. Because of its strength and beauty, Norway Maple is planted frequently in many cities in North America. Unlike the bigleaf maple, its leaves are not deeply indented, and are proportionately broad. In the autumn the leaves can be pure yellow gold, or even orange.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

40-60'

Width Range

25-40', 40-60'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Smog

Norway Maple
 
Moonshine Yarrow
Moonshine Yarrow
 

Achillea 'Moonshine'

Moonshine Yarrow

Long, straight stems with pale yellow flowers are striking on the mats of green to gray-green leaves of this plant, which are flatter and less divided than those of the Achillea millefolium. This Yarrow propagates easily from rooted cuttings or divisions which should be performed in the early spring or fall. Following bloom, one should dead head the plant and divide the clumps when it appears crowded. Introduced by Alan Bloom in the 1950's.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Alkaline Soil

Moonshine Yarrow
 
White Daisy Yarrow
White Daisy Yarrow
 

Achillea x kellereri

White Daisy Yarrow

The white colored, flat-topped flowers of this plant are visible on the mats it forms, which have a gray green, woolly appearance with leaves that are similar to those of a fern. The yarrow propagate easily from rooted cuttings or division, which should be performed in the early spring or fall. Following bloom, one should dead head the plant and divide the clumps when it appears crowded.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Perennial

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Yellow, White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Dark Green, Grey Green, White

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Deer

White Daisy Yarrow
 
Parasol Aeonium
Parasol Aeonium
 

Aeonium arboreum

Parasol Aeonium

Parasol Aeonium is an upright succulent with rosette leaf clusters. It forms a mound and can be easily propagated by cuttings. Aeoniums are bold plants of great interest that are best suited for dry landscapes along the coast and coastal valleys of southern and central California where they thrive. In Phoenix, they are curiousity plants that are best suited for container or pot culture in high light indoor atrium and/or patio environments.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray

Parasol Aeonium
 
Pinwheel
Pinwheel
 

Aeonium haworthii

Pinwheel

Aeonium haworthii 'Pinwheel Aeonium': Rosettes of spring green form one of the more attractive bush-forming plants. Slight red on the margins. Lovely in dish gardens and easy to propagate. Tender soft succulent - will not tolerate frost.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green, Red, White, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy

Soil Condition

Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray

Pinwheel
 
Kudos Mandarin Dwarf Hummingbird Mi
Kudos Mandarin Dwarf Hummingbird Mi
 

Agastache 'Kudos Mandarin'

Kudos Mandarin Dwarf Hummingbird Mi

Cheery, bright orange, fragrant plumes that last and last. This plant has a "neat as a pin" appearance for many months. TERRA NOVA®'s extra hardy breeding has increased the range of conditions that orange Agastache thrive in. This upright mounding perennial quickly reaches an overall height of 20" and spreads 16". It does best in full sun with well drained, fertile soil. Needs excellent drainage to overwinter. Mineral soils are fine. It needs regular watering but may become drought tolerant when established. Compared to other oranges on the market - this one was bred with a hardy species so it will be orange flowered, have a short habit, and be hardy!! It is a great perennial color spot for summer bloom. It attracts hummingbirds.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Orange

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Kudos Mandarin Dwarf Hummingbird Mi
 
Blue Glow Agave
Blue Glow Agave
 

Agave 'Blue Glow'

Blue Glow Agave

This beautiful succulent slowly reaches 2' tall and 3' wide. Leaves are thick, blue green, 18" long, 2.5" wide, with red and yellow margins. The tip of the leaf has a red spine. It tolerates full sun although it needs shade in low desert areas. It needs well draining soil. Sap from plant irritates some people's skin. It is drought tolerant once it's established.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Blue Green, Red, Yellow, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Blue Glow Agave

Designer Notes

Frost tolerant to 25 F. Alto try Agave desmettiana 'variegata' and Agave angustifolia.

 

 
Variegated Century Plant
Variegated Century Plant
 

Agave americana 'Variegata'

Variegated Century Plant

This Agave has a creamy yellow margins around the edge of the leaves. It will grow 6'-10' tall by up to 13' wide. It is native to Mexico. It has a very open growth habit, with leaves that recurve along their length.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

6-12'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green, Yellow, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Variegated Century Plant
 
Fiber Thread Agave, Thread-leaf Aga
Fiber Thread Agave, Thread-leaf Aga
 

Agave filifera

Fiber Thread Agave, Thread-leaf Aga

This variety of Agave has sword-like spears for leaves. It does well in full sun but will need light shade in desert areas. It has clumping dense rosettes that can reach 2' wide and 1.5" tall. It needs regular water in the summer but little or no water in the winter. The leaves appear to have "threads" weaving through them, thus the origin of the common name. The mature rosette carries a spike 6' tall that has 2" flowers.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Grey Green, White, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Deer, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Fiber Thread Agave, Thread-leaf Aga
 
Silk Tree
Silk Tree
 

Albizia julibrissin

Silk Tree

This is a very graceful tree with a unique flat top which creates an interesting canopy effect. The light sensitive leaves close at night. It has delightful, fluffy pink summer flowers and fern like leaves. It is a fast grower to 40' tall when given adequate water. It enjoys high summer heat. It is especially interesting when viewed from above, so it works well on down slopes. Also called Mimosa Tree.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

25-40', 40-60'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat

Silk Tree
 
Tree Aloe
Tree Aloe
 

Aloe arborescens

Tree Aloe

This succulent is large, full of branches and produces deep red orange blooms in fall and winter. The flowers produce a nectar that is attractive to many different birds; this plant is grown all over the world. This succulent can reach 8' tall and 5' wide. Leaves are narrow, recurved and tooth margined and can be green or yellowish or blue green, depending on how much sun it receives. It tolerates sun or shade.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

3-6', 6-12'

Width Range

Flower Color

Orange

Flower Season

Winter

Leaf Color

Green, Blue Green, Yellow Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Well-drained

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Saline Soil, Deer, Rabbits

Tree Aloe
 
Golden Toothed Aloe
Golden Toothed Aloe
 

Aloe x nobilis

Golden Toothed Aloe

This succulent perennial will only grow 1' tall and 1' wide. It has large, sharp, dark green leaves and clusters of red-orange flowers that bloom in summer. Gold Tooth Aloe drought tolerant when established, native to Africa, forms rosettes heavily offsetting to form wide clusters. Has beautiful golden orange tubular flowers seasonally. Hummingbirds are attracted to this plant. Porous soil with adequate drainage and protection from frost is needed to keep this plant healthy.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Perennial, Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Orange, Red

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Well-drained

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Heat, Saline Soil, Rabbits

Golden Toothed Aloe
 
Peruvian Lily
Peruvian Lily
 

Alstroemeria hybrids

Peruvian Lily

This attractive perennial is grown for cut flowers. Foliage is evergreen, green colored, strap-like and pointed. During spring and summer, flowers with many petals appear. Typically multi-colored petals in pink, yellow, orange, white or lavender, many times with dots of colors also. This plant can grow 2-4' tall and 1' wide. It does best in full to part sun with well draining soil. All parts of plant are poisonous and for some, causes dermatitis. May spread in frost free, warm climates and naturalize.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3', 3-6'

Width Range

Flower Color

Pink, Multi-Colored

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Windy Conditions

Peruvian Lily
 
Turkey Foot
Turkey Foot
 

Andropogon 'Indian Warrior'

Turkey Foot

‘Indian Warrior’ forms a tall, strictly upright clump of green foliage that begins to take on dusky purple tones as early as midsummer. In late summer, glossy deep purple, three-branched inflorescences that vaguely resemble a turkey’s foot (hence the common name) are produced on reddish stems. When they first open, tiny bright red-orange pollen sacs dangle from the flowers and are quite visible even from a distance. As the cooler weather arrives, the foliage transitions from green to a deep smoky purple with red highlights, becoming enrobed in a shroud of purple by mid-fall. Dubbed the “monarch of the prairie”, this native grass was once the dominant component of the American tallgrass prairie. It adapts easily to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions as long as full sun is provided. This long-lived grass has a variety of uses including screening, naturalizing, restoring prairies, and nesting materials for birds and mammals.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial, Grass

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Green, Red

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Blue Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

n/a

Turkey Foot
 
Pheasant Tall Grass
Pheasant Tall Grass
 

Anemanthele lessoniana

Pheasant Tall Grass

Loved by garden designers and so popular on the West Coast, this is THE GRASS to know and grow in USDA Zones 8-10. Fast growing to form a dense 3’x3’ always-glowing focal point, you’ll admire its gorgeous, slender and arching olive, amber and gold foliage. Carefree and long lived, its great just about anywhere you plant it - foreground, background, anywhere you desire a low maintenance textural subject. A wonderful sight massed on a hillside, it can be grown in large containers too. Not fussy about soil and if you cut it back to about 8-12” in Winter it’ll stay picture perfect every year.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Grass

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Gold

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Gold, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Poor

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Pheasant Tall Grass
 
Norfolk Island Pine
Norfolk Island Pine
 

Araucaria heterophylla

Norfolk Island Pine

This very large tree will grow to about 100' tall and 60' wide with narrow, sharp leaves that are a deep, dark green. It is a popular Christmas tree in Hawaii. It is a good indoor plant with sunny exposures. Also known as Star Pine.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

25-40', 40-60', 60-100'

Width Range

6-12', 12-25'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Well-drained

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Windy Conditions

Norfolk Island Pine
 
Marina Strawberry Tree
Marina Strawberry Tree
 

Arbutus 'Marina'

Marina Strawberry Tree

The 'Marina' has gorgeous bark, with leaves that are smaller and not as glossy as Pacific Madrone. Its flowers are pink, borne in pendant clusters in the summer. The fruit is large, red and quite ornamental. The plant should be grown in sun to part shade, with little or no summer watering when established. The 'Marina' prefers good drainage. Other Common Names: Marina Madrone

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

12-25', 25-40'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Marina Strawberry Tree
 
Sunset Bush Manzanita
Sunset Bush Manzanita
 

Arctostaphylos 'Sunset'

Sunset Bush Manzanita

This manzanita is a mounding shrub 4-5' high and 4-6' wide. It has coppery red new growth later turning bright green. It has pinkish-white flowers in winter to early spring. This densely covered shrub prefers full sun and is drought tolerant once it's established. With the diversity of color changes it makes a great foundation shrub.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6', 6-12'

Flower Color

Pink, White

Flower Season

Winter, Spring

Leaf Color

Green, Red

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Heat

Sunset Bush Manzanita
 
Howard McMinn Manzanita
Howard McMinn Manzanita
 

Arctostaphylos den. 'Howard McMinn'

Howard McMinn Manzanita

This shrub is highly appreciated for its decorative characteristics, which include a dense show of small, pale pink urn-shaped flowers in winter and spring. One of its main often overlooked attractions of this plant is the mahogany-red to brown bark (which peels beautifully) that can be revealed with some internal pruning once the plant is mature . It's small, red fruit resembles the tike apple, appearing at the end of winter just as Spring is coming on. Evergreen, shiny leaves are very neat and tidy. It can reach 8' tall and 10 wide. It can be pruned to desired size. This shrub attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. It does best in full sun in coastal areas and afternoon shade in warm, inland areas with well draining soil. Established plants need little or no water in coastal areas and occasional watering in warmer areas.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6', 6-12'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Winter, Spring

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Deer

Howard McMinn Manzanita
 
Powis Castle Artemisia
Powis Castle Artemisia
 

Artemisia 'Powis Castle'

Powis Castle Artemisia

This mounding shrub reaches 3 ft. high and up to 5ft. wide with fine silver foliage. It does well in coastal areas as well as inland warm areas. It rarely blooms but is used for its beautiful foliage. It is striking next to perennials with bright colors. This shrub prefers full sun and well draining soil. It is drought tolerant once it's established.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Grey Green, Silver

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Windy Conditions, Deer, Rabbits

Powis Castle Artemisia
 
Chinese Wild Ginger
Chinese Wild Ginger
 

Asarum splendens

Chinese Wild Ginger

Large, elongated heart-shaped, dark green leaves are elegantly mottled with shimmering silver pigment throughout. They remain semi-evergreen through mild winters and a new set of leaves is produced in spring, covering the previous year's growth. In early spring, 2" wide, dark purple flowers are produced under the foliage at soil level. Though the flowers are not particularly showy, they are interestingly attractive. Asarum splendens is a vigorous rhizomatic species that forms a thick mat of foliage, making it an ideal groundcover for shady gardens. It is also nice in containers.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green, White, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Wet Conditions

Chinese Wild Ginger
 
Tangerine Beauty Crossvine
Tangerine Beauty Crossvine
 

Bignonia capreolata 'Tangerine Beauty'

Tangerine Beauty Crossvine

Crossvine is a woody vine growing to 50 feet or so with compound, semi-evergreen leaves and very showy summer flowers. It is common throughout the east where it winds its way up trees and telephone poles, and holds on by twining tendrils that can dig into tree bark. The wild type has clusters of trumpet-shaped red and yellow flowers, but 'Tangerine Beauty' has clusters flaring bright orange ones. Flowering occurs along the stems on older growth so any pruning should be done right after flowering. Grow Tangerine Beauty in sun or part shade, and average soil, and give it a reasonably strong support. Hummingbirds will flock to this crossvine.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Vine

Height Range

6-12', 12-25'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

Orange, Red

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Alkaline Soil

Tangerine Beauty Crossvine
 
Barbara Karst Red Bougainvillea
Barbara Karst Red Bougainvillea
 

Bougainvillea 'Barbara Karst'

Barbara Karst Red Bougainvillea

The large amount of flamboyant color on this species creates a wonderful accent in a garden. 'Barbara Karst' is a hardy and reliable vine, blooming bright red from spring through fall, sometimes even in winter in mild climates. It looks best in full sun and is drought tolerant once it's established. The color changes to a dull red if in shade. It tolerates coastal and desert conditions. This is a versatile plant as it can be used to grow up trellises and patio covers or used on a hillside. Foliage is dark green and evergreen but hardly visible.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Vine

Height Range

25-40'

Width Range

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Barbara Karst Red Bougainvillea
 
Dwarf Orange Bulbine
Dwarf Orange Bulbine
 

Bulbine frutescens 'Hallmark'

Dwarf Orange Bulbine

This bulbine is the compact variation of yellow bulbine. This plant grows to about 1' tall by 1'-2' wide. Orange flowers bloom almost all year long. Plants stay evergreen, but will freeze to the ground in the event of serious frost. However, frost- damaged plants will regrow in spring. Delicate coppery orange flowers with fluffy yellow centers are on tall spikes that rise above the foliage. This selection is free flowering in spring, summer and fall.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Orange

Flower Season

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall, Constant

Leaf Color

Green, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Windy Conditions, Alkaline Soil

Dwarf Orange Bulbine
 
Cascalote
Cascalote
 

Caesalpinia cacalaco

Cascalote

Small tree or large shrub to about 15' x15'. Branches are armed with medium thorns. These plants will bloom profusely between winter & spring with showy yellow flowers on dense spikes, depending on the coldness of winter. Seed pods are reddish & attractive. Native to Mexico. This plant can take reflected heat.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25'

Width Range

12-25'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Winter

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Windy Conditions, Alkaline Soil

Cascalote

Designer Notes

Frost tolerant to 20 F.

 

 
Mendocino Reed Grass
Mendocino Reed Grass
 

Calamagrostis foliosa

Mendocino Reed Grass

This tufted perennial bunchgrass is native to the Northern California coastal scrub. It forms a beautiful, dense mound of gray-green leaves that reach 2' tall, with showy arching buff colored flower stalks to 3' tall in spring and summer. Reed Grass foliage turn into an attractive purple coloration in the fall and winter. This evergreen should be grown in full sun, with little or no summer watering required.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Mendocino Reed Grass
 
Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass
Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass
 

Calamagrostis x acu. 'Karl Foerster'

Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass

This ornamental perennial grass grows 4-6' tall x 1-1.5' wide and has semi-evergreen foliage that is green in spring and summer and turns green/brown in fall. The flowers look like feathery plumes; they bloom in mid June and emerge a light green but quickly turn to pink/purple. Flowers look great in a dried flower arrangement. This grass does well in full sun but will tolerate afternoon shade in warm, inland valleys. It needs regular watering and fertile soil. Great for erosion control and in wet areas.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Pink, Purple

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Rich, Moist

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Smog, Alkaline Soil, Wet Conditions

Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass
 
Anacapa Island Pink Morning Glory
Anacapa Island Pink Morning Glory
 

Calystegia 'Anacapa Pink'

Anacapa Island Pink Morning Glory

This climbing vine will grow up to 20' long quickly. It has bright green leaves with light pink flowers that bloom in spring and summer. It can grow on chain link fences, posts, or even as a mounding shrub. It does best in full to part sun with well draining soil.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Vine

Height Range

3-6', 6-12', 12-25'

Width Range

1-3', 3-6', 6-12'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

n/a

Anacapa Island Pink Morning Glory
 
Chinese Trumpet Vine
Chinese Trumpet Vine
 

Campsis x tangliabuana

Chinese Trumpet Vine

Trumpet Creeper has 3"-4" tubular flowers, blooming during summer. It is a vigorously growing deciduous vine, reaching 40' long. It clings to structures with small rootlets and can cling to nearly any surface. It can become rampant and top-heavy, and benefits from occasional severe pruning during winter months. Most varieties have an orange tone color but some have red to pinkish colored flowers. Leaves are glossy and dark green. This vine grows in full to part sun, doing best with regular watering.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Vine

Height Range

6-12', 12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

6-12', 12-25'

Flower Color

Orange

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Alkaline Soil

Chinese Trumpet Vine
 
Concha California Lilac
Concha California Lilac
 

Ceanothus 'Concha'

Concha California Lilac

Concha is a lilac that grows 6'-8' in height and width. It has small narrow, glossy, dark green leaves with intense dark blue flower clusters in spring. It is tolerant of coastal and inland conditions. Most ceanothus varieties do not tolerate a lot of summer irrigation but this cultivar does. It also tolerates clay and alkali soil better than other varieties. It is hard frost tolerant.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

6-12'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

Blue

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Deer

Concha California Lilac
 
Atlas Cedar
Atlas Cedar
 

Cedrus atlantica

Atlas Cedar

As a large, slow-growing conifer, the Atlas Cedar requires ample room for growth. Its needles are 1" long, and its foliage is bluish green. In order to develop its best color, the tree needs to be exposed to full sun. It can reach 60' tall when mature. Atlas Cedars are native to the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and are close cousins to the cedar of Lebanon, but bear shorter, blunter needles, and smaller cones.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

12-25', 25-40', 40-60'

Width Range

25-40'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Blue Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow

Tolerances

Heat

Atlas Cedar
 
Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar
Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar
 

Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca Pendula'

Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar

This specimen conifer exhibits weeping growth form, slowly reaching 15'-25' tall and wide. Its silver blue, needle-like leaves are 1" long and thin. This tree does best in full sun and needs occasional watering once it's established. It serves as an excellent rock garden subject with its horizontal pendant branching. This conifer tolerates coastal conditions.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

6-12'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Blue Green, White

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

n/a

Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar
 
Western Redbud
Western Redbud
 

Cercis occidentalis

Western Redbud

This deciduous shrub or small tree reaches 15' tall and 10' wide. Beautiful magenta flowers appear in spring, before the leaves appear. Foliage is apple green, turning yellow to red in the fall. Seed pods dangle on this tree in winter. Western Redbud prefers full sun but will appreciate afternoon shade in desert areas. It needs well draining soil. It is drought tolerant once it's established. It attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. A tree of varying interest all year round!

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Shrub

Height Range

12-25'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green, Yellow Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Saline Soil, Oak Root Fungus, Alkaline Soil

Western Redbud
 
Hinoki Cypress
Hinoki Cypress
 

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Gracilis'

Hinoki Cypress

This beautiful conifer slowly (may take 10 years) reaches 3' but eventually may reach 9' tall and 4' wide. Mature habit is pyramidal or cone-shaped. Foliage is evergreen with flattened branches of dark green, scale-like leaves. It is aromatic if crushed. This shrub does best in full to part sun with well draining, moist, fertile soil. Plant in sheltered area, not in windy locations.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Conifer, Shrub

Height Range

3-6', 6-12'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

n/a

Hinoki Cypress
 
Boulevard Cypress
Boulevard Cypress
 

Chamaecyparis p. 'Boulevard’

Boulevard Cypress

This popular, silvery blue tree boasts soft, plumy foliage and a full, pyramidal habit with somewhat open branching. In its natural form, Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Boulevard’ makes a colorful backdrop for other plants or an excellent choice for filling a corner or screening a view. And, since it responds well to training and shearing, a well-sculpted specimen becomes an exquisite focal point in the formal garden.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Conifer, Shrub

Height Range

6-12'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Blue Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

n/a

Boulevard Cypress
 
Dwarf Threadleaf Cypress
Dwarf Threadleaf Cypress
 

Chamaecyparis p. 'Filifera Nana'

Dwarf Threadleaf Cypress

This dense, dwarf shrub slowly reaches 2'-3' tall and 3'-4' wide. Evergreen foliage is lacy-looking, light green with thread-like leaves. It has a somewhat rounded weeping habit. This plant does best in full sun with well draining, moist soil. It looks great in containers and can be used for bonsai.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Conifer, Shrub

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

n/a

Dwarf Threadleaf Cypress
 
White Rockrose
White Rockrose
 

Cistus x hybridus

White Rockrose

This is a small evergreen shrub with 2" long, dark gray green, crinkly leaves. It has pure white flowers with prominent yellow stamens, emerging from red buds in the spring. The shrub has a mounding habit, 2'-3' tall and 5'-6' wide. It does best in full sun with well draining soil. This is a great plant for hot, dry hillsides. It is deer resistant and tolerant of coastal conditions. It is considered one of the hardiest of the rock roses. It has low fuel for fires. .

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Deer

White Rockrose
 
Purple Rockrose
Purple Rockrose
 

Cistus x purpureus

Purple Rockrose

Purple or Orchid Rockrose is an evergreen shrub growing to 4' tall and wide, often shorter in stressful situations. The rosy-crimson flowers to 3" wide exhibit a dark purple blotch at the base of each petal, and bloom early to mid-summer. The flowers also feature a contrasting yellow cluster of stamens in the center. It does well in salt spray and cool winds. It is relatively long-lived, tolerant of heat and aridity as well as accepting many soil conditions. -Native Sons Nursery

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Dark Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Alkaline Soil

Purple Rockrose
 
Andromeda Bicolor Clematis
Andromeda Bicolor Clematis
 

Clematis 'Andromeda'

Andromeda Bicolor Clematis

This feminine beauty, named for the daughter of Greek gods, bears large, white flowers with rose pink bars twice during the growing season. Large 5-7”, semi-double flowers appear in late spring to early summer followed by a round of single flowers in late summer and early fall. Showy seed heads round out the fall season. This Clematis is relatively fast growing with attractive dark green foliage. 'Andromeda' begins to bloom in early summer, with the first flush of flowers appearing on the previous year's growth. This is followed by a second flush flowers appearing on the new growth. These flowers will likely be smaller than the first ones and flowers that were double the first time may be single the second time. The time to prune this group is in late winter or early spring. Dead and weak shoots should be removed and the remaining shoots cut back to 6-9 inches above a couple of well-developed buds. This vine can reach 10' tall. Deer and rabbit resistant. Attracts bees and hummingbirds. Looks great in patios, in containers, on trellises. A specimen plant. Clematis can be grown in full sun or light shade, but its base and roots must be completely shaded. You may need to plant a small shrub or large perennial directly in front of its rootball to keep it cool and shaded. A thick layer of mulch will also help to keep the soil moist. This vine prefers to be grown in moist, well-drained, slightly alkaline soil. Adding lime to the soil will help to provide these conditions. When planting clematis, it is important to plant it 3" deeper than it was in the original pot. Bury the first set of entire leaves to encourage the production of strong shoots from below soil level and to discourage clematis wilt.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Vine

Height Range

6-12'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Pink, White, Multi-Colored

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Deer, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Andromeda Bicolor Clematis
 
Coral Beauty Bearberry Cotoneaster
Coral Beauty Bearberry Cotoneaster
 

Cotoneaster dammeri 'Coral Beauty'

Coral Beauty Bearberry Cotoneaster

Coral Beauty Cotoneaster is a vigorous evergreen shrub used as a ground cover. It reaches 1' tall and spreads by rooting branches up to 10-15 ft. Leaves are tiny, oval and dark green, turning red in fall or cold weather. Tiny white flowers cover the plant in spring. It has showy coral red berries that appear in fall and winter. It is drought tolerant once it's established. This plant does best in full sun. Birds and butterflies love this plant! Deer leave it alone. Great plant for hillsides or lawn replacement.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

Violet

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Smog

Coral Beauty Bearberry Cotoneaster
 
Chalk Dudleya
Chalk Dudleya
 

Dudleya pulverulenta

Chalk Dudleya

Chalk Dudleya is an attractive succulent that slowly forms 1' wide and tall rosettes. Leaves are thick and chalky looking. Basal stem may be 2" wide. During spring and summer, silvery vertical stalks bear reddish flowers. This plant does well in coastal areas needing no summer irrigation. In warmer inland areas, this plant does best with afternoon shade. It needs well draining soil. It tolerates winter and spring irrigation. Plant at an angle so water drains easily. Great plant for containers, crevices, rock gardens.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

Under 1', 1-3'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Grey, Silver, White

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray

Chalk Dudleya
 
Afterglow Echeveria
Afterglow Echeveria
 

Echeveria 'Afterglow'

Afterglow Echeveria

This succulent has wide, thick, powdery, pink lavender leaves with pink edges. Foliage comes to a point. The stem can grow 12"-16" wide rosettes, that may reach 12"-24" tall. During the summer, vertical stems arise with red orange flowers. Many people remove the flowers as it may detract from the foliage. This plant does best in full sun to appreciate the colored foliage but will survive in shade. It needs well draining soil. Looks great in containers. Occasional watering once it's established.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Orange, Red

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Pink, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Windy Conditions, Alkaline Soil

Afterglow Echeveria
 
Hens and Chicks
Hens and Chicks
 

Echeveria 'Imbricata'

Hens and Chicks

This succulent is very small, growing only 2"-3" high and 8" wide. Leaves are flat, gray green and in tightly coiled rosettes. It produces orange, pink, and red blooms during spring and early summer. It can grow in full sun in coastal areas but will appreciate afternoon shade in warm, inland areas. It needs well draining soil and becomes drought tolerant once it's established. This plant will form "babies" or offsets and will spread up to 30".

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Orange, Pink, Red

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Hens and Chicks
 
Echeveria 'Perle Von Nurnberg'
Echeveria 'Perle Von Nurnberg'
 

Echeveria 'Perle Von Nurnberg'

Echeveria 'Perle Von Nurnberg'

Echeveria ‘Perle Von Nürnberg’ is a beautiful succulent that has interestingly colored acuminate leaves that are a pale grayish brown with pink highlights and have a white powdery dusting. The leaves overlap in solitary, up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide rosettes. The flowers are corral pink in color on the exterior with a yellow interior and appear in summer on 1 foot (30 cm) long reddish-stemmed inflorescences. - World of Succulents

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Pink, Yellow

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Pink, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Windy Conditions, Alkaline Soil

Echeveria 'Perle Von Nurnberg'
 
Carpet Echeveria
Carpet Echeveria
 

Echeveria agavoides

Carpet Echeveria

This attractive succulent has fleshy leaves that form rosettes, with an overall diameter of 12". Foliage is apple green color with a terminal spine and reddish margins. Flower stalks rise up from the center in spring and summer with tiny red and yellow flowers. This plant tolerates full to part sun and needs well draining, dry, well draining, sandy or rocky soil. Beautiful in containers and rock gardens. Great for a Southwest or desert themed garden.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Red, Yellow, Multi-Colored

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Light Green, Red, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Carpet Echeveria
 
Crested Molded Wax Agave
Crested Molded Wax Agave
 

Echeveria agavoides

Crested Molded Wax Agave

Echeveria agavoides is a stemless, star-shaped rosette of fat leaves up to 20 cm in diameter. It is often solitary, growing offsets only slowly or not at all. is a variable plant; some forms have reddish tips and some forms have slightly red to very red margins. This is a relatively common species, and quite fast for an Echeveria. It has also been widely used in hybridizing.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

Width Range

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

 

 

Culture

Sun

Water

Soil Type

Soil Condition

Growth Rate

Tolerances

n/a

Crested Molded Wax Agave
 
Chenille Plant
Chenille Plant
 

Echeveria pulvinata

Chenille Plant

Echeveria pulvinata is a very attractive small shrubby succulent plant, up to 12 inches (15 cm) tall and sprawling to several feet in width with stems that are tipped with small rosettes holding thick spathulate green leaves with all parts densely covered with silvery white hairs. In late winter into spring (sometime later) appears the arching 1 foot (30 cm) tall inflorescence holding racemes of yellow and orange bell-shaped flowers. -World of Succulents

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Red, Yellow

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green, Red, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Chenille Plant
 
Dixie Blaze Coneflower
Dixie Blaze Coneflower
 

Echinacea 'Dixie Blaze'

Dixie Blaze Coneflower

The blazing flame orange petals are set off by golden cones. Very sweet honey and suntan lotion scent. Super habit and foliage down to the ground. Don't be without something blazing in the summer garden. This clumping and upright perennial quickly reaches 25" tall and spreads 20". Average soil, coarse and slightly mineral soils are best. This plant does best in full sun with average watering. pH: 5.8-7.3. Use in mass plantings, mixed beds, front or middle of the border. Great cut flower.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Orange

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Dixie Blaze Coneflower
 
Firebird Coneflower
Firebird Coneflower
 

Echinacea 'Firebird'

Firebird Coneflower

Sometimes it comes all together in an Echinacea - wonderful habit, compact size, and charming, red shuttlecock-shaped flowers that look like they want to fly away! Dark cones add to the appeal of this wonder. Attracts butterflies in summer and seed hunting birds in the fall. Mix with Rudbeckia for a great combo. This clumping and upright perennial quickly reaches an overall height of 25" and spreads 22". It prefers full sun with average soil; coarse and slightly mineral soils are best. It does best with average watering. Soil pH can range from 5.8-7.3. It has a well-branched habit with large dark cones. Use in mass plantings, mixed beds, front or middle of the border. Great cut flower.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Firebird Coneflower
 
Flame Thrower Coneflower
Flame Thrower Coneflower
 

Echinacea 'Flame Thrower'

Flame Thrower Coneflower

This reliable rebloomer has 3 ½", two-toned orange and yellow flowers that are hot, hot, hot! Add to this, a well-branched habit and you've got a great choice for the middle of the border or along a fence line. Here's a fragrant choice that is easy to grow and blooms all summer. One of the earliest of the coneflowers to bloom for us in Oregon. This mounding perennial quickly reaches an overall height and width of 40". It prefers full sun with average soil; coarse and slightly mineral soils are best. It does best with average watering. Soil pH can range from 5.8-7.3. It is an early bloomer with bicolor flower yellow orange with red orange by the cone, very free flowering and well-branched. It is a great performer. Use in the middle of the border, in a parking strip, or along a fence line.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Orange, Yellow, Multi-Colored

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Flame Thrower Coneflower
 
Hope Coneflower
Hope Coneflower
 

Echinacea 'Hope'

Hope Coneflower

Calm, fragrant, soft pink flowers of great size, fragrance, and substance adorn this long blooming perennial. The highest rated Pink in the Mt. Cuba Center trials from 2007 to 2009. TERRA NOVA® Nurseries makes a donation of $.25 for each plant sold, to the Oregon & SW Washington affiliate of the Susan G. Komen for the Cure to help further the search for a cure for breast cancer. This upright perennial quickly reaches an overall height of 30"and spreads 24". It prefers full sun with average soil; coarse and slightly mineral soils are best. It does best with average watering. Soil pH can range from 5.8-7.3. It is the only large flowering, soft pink with this flower shape. Mt. Cuba Center says "this cultivar has the truest clear light pink blooms." Large centers are dark red/maroon. Use in mass plantings, mixed beds, sunny border. Great cut flower.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Pink, Red, Multi-Colored

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Hope Coneflower
 
Blue Fescue, Blue Fescue Grass
Blue Fescue, Blue Fescue Grass
 

Festuca glauca

Blue Fescue, Blue Fescue Grass

This ground cover/grass will grow less than 1' tall and has small, blue-green, evergreen leaves that are very thin and hair-like. Flowers appear in the summer but are insignificant. This dependable but short-lived ground cover prefers full sun in coastal areas and afternoon shade in warm inland areas. It needs well draining soil and is drought tolerant once it's established. Leaves may burn during the summer but trim in winter to keep it looking refreshed. Does not tolerate wet soil.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Grass

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Gold

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Blue Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Blue Fescue, Blue Fescue Grass
 
Ghost Plant
Ghost Plant
 

Graptopetalum paraguayense

Ghost Plant

Ghost plant is an unusually colored small succulent from Mexico with 3 to 6 inch wide rosettes. The range of color is part of the great charm of this plant. The color ranges from pale blue, light pink, to light purple. The plant multiplies rapidly and is easy to propogate. In spring, it has white flowers that have small red touches. It does well in full sun to light shade and prefers well-drained soil. Irrigate infrequently to occasionally although it does not like wet feet so good drainage is critical if watering regularly.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Blue Green, Pink, Purple

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Ghost Plant
 
Blue Oat Grass
Blue Oat Grass
 

Helictotrichon sempervirens

Blue Oat Grass

The Blue Oat Grass is an evergreen, blue clumping grass that grows 2' tall and 3' wide. Foliage is thin blue gray, wiry leaves that radiate from center of plant. Its showy tan flowers are on spikes 1'-2' above the foliage (flowers more common in cooler winter areas). This plant looks good alone as well as in mass plantings. It does well in full sun or light shade. Established plants need only occasional watering. It does best with well draining soil. The blue oat grass likes dry hill sides.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial, Grass

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Blue Green, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Windy Conditions, Deer

Blue Oat Grass
 
Red Yucca
Red Yucca
 

Hesperaloe parviflora

Red Yucca

This spectacular succulent grows to 3'-4' tall and wide. Blue green leaves are strap-like, leathery, long, with white fraying fibers on the edges. During the summer, dark pink flowers are seen on red flower arching stalks. Hummingbirds love these flowers. This evergreen plant is drought tolerant once it's established but will appreciate extra water during the summer to promote blooms. Plant in full sun or light shade, with well draining soil. Deer like the foliage. This plant looks great in pots.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Succulent

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Pink, Red

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Blue Green, White

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Red Yucca
 
Amber Waves Heuchera
Amber Waves Heuchera
 

Heuchera 'Amber Waves'

Amber Waves Heuchera

Every revolution starts with a single player, and 'Amber Waves' was the first, warm amber Heuchera in the marketplace. Wonderfully ruffled leaves are brightest in spring. Its compact habit makes it a natural for the front of the border or in the rock garden. A perfect neutral tone to combine with any color! This mounding perennial reaches 14" high and spreads 17". It does best in part or full shade with moderately well drained, organic soil. It prefers average watering. Established plants can tolerate drought. It has amber-gold spring foliage to tawny-khaki summer shades. Four Oaks Best New Plant Award in 2001 Overwintered well in Poland. Plants are more compact with more vivid color in morning sun. If it starts looking bleached, give it less afternoon light. Lift and replant every two years in late summer/ autumn with crown just above soil. This plant was the winner of the several best new plant awards in England. Be careful not to bury the crowns when planting. Flowers are considered insignificant.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Gold

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Amber Waves Heuchera
 
Bella Notte Alum Root
Bella Notte Alum Root
 

Heuchera 'Bella Notte'

Bella Notte Alum Root

Very lush, dark foliage with all of 'Obsidian's' great heat tolerant attributes. Great "Femme fatale" flowers that may be better than Heuchera 'Paris'. You be the judge. This one is not to be missed. This mounding perennial quickly reaches 13" high and 15" wide. It does best in full sun or part shade with moderately well drained, organic soil. It prefers average watering and pH range of 5.5-6.5. The best, large flowering, dark leaf Heuchera. It has very dark leaves and lovely bi-color, large rose pink and light pink flowers. An elegant plant. Use in mixed beds, borders, edgings, and containers.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Purple

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Bella Notte Alum Root
 
Black Pearl Coral Bells
Black Pearl Coral Bells
 

Heuchera 'Black Pearl'

Black Pearl Coral Bells

Primo™ 'Black Pearl' Coral Bells is a stunning black foliage plant for both shade and sun! Forms an incredibly dense habit of shiny, jet black leaves with scalloped, ruffled edges and rosy purple undersides. Topped with white flowers with pink calyxes. It will grow in sun or shade, needing average water. Foliage reaches about 10" and spreads 30". It does best in acidic, fertile, well draining soil. This perennial tolerates coastal conditions and is deer resistant. Butterflies and hummingbirds are attracted to 'Black Pearl'. - Proven Winners

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Brown

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Rabbits

Black Pearl Coral Bells
 
Blondie Coral Bells
Blondie Coral Bells
 

Heuchera 'Blondie'

Blondie Coral Bells

The caramel colored foliage is so cute with the delightful, ever present flower spikes of mellow, creamy yellow. Just 5" tall, and 8" wide, 'Blondie' is a blooming machine, with up to 20 - 8" flower spikes at a time! This mounding perennial quickly reaches 9" high and 8" wide. It does best in full or part shade or full sun with moderately well drained, organic soil. It prefers average watering and pH range of 5.5-6.5. Almost always in bloom. A miniature Heuchera with caramel foliage and short wands of cream colored flowers - nothing else like it.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Perennial

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Brown, Purple

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat

Blondie Coral Bells
 
Afterglow Hosta
Afterglow Hosta
 

Hosta 'Afterglow'

Afterglow Hosta

This new hosta features a striking yellow margin surrounding the large, green, heart-shaped leaves and forms an impressive upright mound in the landscape. In early summer, pale lavender, funnel-shaped flowers top the clump. This large hosta is best used as a specimen in the garden and it combines beautifully with ferns, Corydalis, and sedges.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Purple

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Dark Green, Light Green, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade, Deep Shade

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Wet Conditions

Afterglow Hosta
 
Coast to Coast Hosta
Coast to Coast Hosta
 

Hosta 'Coast to Coast'

Coast to Coast Hosta

Adding a new color to the Proven Winners hosta line, ‘Coast to Coast’ is a giant, solid gold hosta that makes a striking specimen in the shade garden. Its foliage emerges gold in spring and turns lighter gold with a bit more sun exposure in the summer months. As the leaves mature, they become thick and puckered with wavy edges and have nearly white undersides. The upright vase-shaped clump is topped with green scapes carrying pale violet flowers in midsummer. This hosta tends to be more slug resistant because of its thick substance foliage and rigidly upright habit. It can be grown as a single specimen in a large container or in a prominent place in the landscape. Images 3,4 Olga Petryszyn

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Lavender

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Gold

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Coast to Coast Hosta
 
Electrocution Hosta
Electrocution Hosta
 

Hosta 'Electrocution'

Electrocution Hosta

This distinctive medium sized hosta forms an upright mound of tightly rippled, twisted, long and narrow leaves. The slightly shiny, green leaves display yellow margins which lighten to creamy yellow in summer and mature plants have red speckled petioles. Lavender flowers top the clump in midsummer. ‘Electrocution’ is a good grower and would look sharp in a short, rounded container to contrast with its more upright habit.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Lavender

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Yellow, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Electrocution Hosta
 
Iris 'Canyon Snow'
Iris 'Canyon Snow'
 

Iris Pacific Coast Hybrid 'Canyon Snow'

Iris 'Canyon Snow'

Iris 'Canyon Snow' is a beautifu, white flower with a yellow throat. It is one of the best performing of the Irises. It tolerates regular garden conditions and does not struggle through the summer. It is not a fussy plant, as there is little to no maintenance, once established. Like most Irises, the bloom period is fairly short. It looks best in mass plantings. It prefers partial to full shade.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

Under 1', 1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green, Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Half, Shade

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Deer

Iris 'Canyon Snow'
 
Jacaranda
Jacaranda
 

Jacaranda mimosifolia

Jacaranda

This irregular to rounded deciduous tree will reach about 40' tall and has fine, compound green leaves with blue flowers. Jacaranda's main blooming season is in spring and summer, but it will often produce sporadic blooms in fall as well.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

25-40'

Width Range

25-40'

Flower Color

Blue

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Windy Conditions, Smog

Jacaranda
 
California Gray Rush
California Gray Rush
 

Juncus patens

California Gray Rush

Although a wetland plant, Juncus patens can tolerate fairly dry conditions. It will slowly clump to 2'-3' wide and tall. It tolerates full sun to full shade. This California native can adapt to various watering needs: it can be planted in a pond or used in dry shade or full sun with occasional irrigation. This attractive perennial, mostly thought of as a grass, has thin, gray green, vertical stems. Leaves looks like small brown sleeves near the plant base and can have a sharp edge. This is a great plant for containers and dry shade. It is deer resistant. It has spreading rhizomes. Mostly grown for the stiff stems that provide architectural interest.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Moist, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Deer, Wet Conditions

California Gray Rush
 
Hollywood Twisted Juniper
Hollywood Twisted Juniper
 

Juniperus chinensis 'Kaizuka'

Hollywood Twisted Juniper

The dark green foliage on the branches of this Juniper start in a narrow cone shape when young but open up gracefully when older. Its twisted looking branches resemble flames. It may grow 15' tall in 15 years. Over time, the branches may lean to one side. Junipers are highly combustible plants.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

12-25'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Hollywood Twisted Juniper
 
Japanese Garden Juniper
Japanese Garden Juniper
 

Juniperus procumbens

Japanese Garden Juniper

This groundcover-small shrub will reach 3' tall with a 4'-5' spread. It has small, blue-green, evergreen leaves. This dependable conifer is used for bonsai. It prefers full to part sun with occasional watering once it's established. It can also be used for topiaries.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Blue Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray

Japanese Garden Juniper
 
Golden Pfitzer Juniper
Golden Pfitzer Juniper
 

Juniperus x pfitzeriana 'Aurea'

Golden Pfitzer Juniper

New growth is a bright, golden yellow color; the juniper itself is fast-growing to a size of 5' tall by 10' wide.Junipers are highly combustible plants.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Gold, Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Alkaline Soil

Golden Pfitzer Juniper
 
Dwarf Yellow Kniphofia
Dwarf Yellow Kniphofia
 

Kniphofia 'Dwarf Yellow'

Dwarf Yellow Kniphofia

Red Hot Poker is 18". x 12 " in size. Small clumps of narrow, grassy leaves show a profuse display of yellow spikes. in early summer. Moderate summer moisture in rich loam and full sun suit this well-established. This is the short version of a taller parent plant.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low, Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Dwarf Yellow Kniphofia
 
Ember Glow Hot Poker
Ember Glow Hot Poker
 

Kniphofia 'Ember Glow'

Ember Glow Hot Poker

'Fire Glow Poker' forms numerous spikes of orange flowers the first year and repeat blooming from July through October in mild climates. It has a compact habit with multiple crowns, narrow, grassy leaves, and excellent vigor. It has a short habit, grassy short leaves, and reblooms all summer into fall. Grows and flowers very quickly. This clumping perennial reaches about 3' high and equally wide. It does best with heat and full sun. Butterflies and hummingbirds love the flowers. Needs regular watering but must dry between watering.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Orange

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat

Ember Glow Hot Poker
 
Fire Glow Hot Poker
Fire Glow Hot Poker
 

Kniphofia 'Fire Glow'

Fire Glow Hot Poker

'Fire Glow Poker' forms numerous spikes of florescent red flowers the first year and repeat blooming from July through October in mild climates. It has a compact habit with multiple crowns, narrow, grassy leaves, and excellent vigor. It has a short habit, grassy short leaves, and reblooms all summer into fall. Grows and flowers very quickly. This clumping perennial reaches about 3' high and equally wide. It does best with heat and full sun. Butterflies and hummingbirds love the flowers. Needs regular watering but must dry between watering.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat

Fire Glow Hot Poker
 
Dwarf Lemon Hot Poker
Dwarf Lemon Hot Poker
 

Kniphofia 'Lemon Popsicle'

Dwarf Lemon Hot Poker

'Lemon Popsicle' forms numerous spikes of golden yellow flowers the first year and repeat blooming from July through October in mild climates. It has a compact habit with multiple crowns, narrow, grassy leaves, and excellent vigor. It has a short habit, grassy short leaves, and reblooms all summer into fall. Grows and flowers very quickly. This clumping perennial reaches about 26" and 16" wide. It does best with heat and full sun. Butterflies and hummingbirds love the flowers. Needs regular watering but must dry between watering.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat

Dwarf Lemon Hot Poker
 
Dwarf Papaya Hot Poker
Dwarf Papaya Hot Poker
 

Kniphofia 'Papaya Popsicle'

Dwarf Papaya Hot Poker

'Papaya Popsicle' forms numerous spikes of florescent orange flowers with yellow bottoms the first year and repeat blooming from July through October in mild climates. It has a compact habit with multiple crowns, narrow, grassy leaves, and excellent vigor. It has a short habit, grassy short leaves, and reblooms all summer into fall. Grows and flowers very quickly. This clumping perennial reaches about 26" and 16" wide. It does best with heat and full sun. Butterflies and hummingbirds love the flowers. Needs regular watering but must dry between watering.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Orange, Yellow, Multi-Colored

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat

Dwarf Papaya Hot Poker
 
Trailing Lantana
Trailing Lantana
 

Lantana montevidensis

Trailing Lantana

Lavender flowers accent the trailing growth habit of this Lantana. It is excellent for spilling over walls or down banks. Eventually, it will reach about 2' tall by 6' wide; size is controlled by pruning and severity of winter. It does best in full sun and is drought tolerant. It grows rapidly, even in heat, smog and poor soil. It is cold hardy to 25 degrees F, but recovers quickly. Fruit is poisonous. Butterflies are attracted to Lantana.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Purple

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall, Constant

Leaf Color

Green, Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Deer, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Trailing Lantana
 
Creeping Wild Rye
Creeping Wild Rye
 

Leymus triticoides 'Lagunita'

Creeping Wild Rye

Leymus triticoides "Lagunita' is clearly a drought-tolerant native grass. Established plantings will survive without summer water and have stayed green well into August without irrigation, depending on annual rainfall. Water requirements to keep it evergreen vary with soil type and location, but typically one or two watering per month will keep the plantings green and importantly, non-flammable. Lagunita, however, is just the right green, just the right height at 10-16" and extremely adaptable. It can be mowed as meadow lawn, or left unmowed to be one of the hardiest of sod-forming grasses. Discovered on one of my client’s ranch near Santa Cruz. For over 20 years, this clone has been successfully utilized as a meadow lawn and orchard understory. Tolerant of 1st exposure seacoast, thriving in sand or clay, Lagunita is now the basic groundcover grass for most of tour large-scale meadow installations. An aggressive grower if pushed with water and fertilizer, it is better behaved in dryer settings, which we plant in combination with flowering grasses and perennials. A unique aspect of this colony-forming grass is that it rarely flowers and when it does, it doesn't appear to set viable seed. This notable quality keeps Lagunita uniform and tidy with very little care except for occasional cut backs.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial, Grass

Height Range

Under 1', 1-3'

Width Range

Under 1'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Windy Conditions

Creeping Wild Rye
 
Tulip Tree
Tulip Tree
 

Liriodendron tulipifera

Tulip Tree

This large, hardy, deciduous tree has a growth habit that is broad and pyramidal in form. Its leaves are 4 lobed, and turn bright yellow in fall. During the late spring, greenish yellow, tulip-like flowers will appear.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

Flower Color

Green, Yellow

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Yellow

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Rich, Moist

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Smog

Tulip Tree
 
Dwarf Mat Rush
Dwarf Mat Rush
 

Lomandra longifolia 'Breeze'

Dwarf Mat Rush

This perennial grass reaches about 3' in height. Leaves are glossy green, shiny, firm, flat. The scented flowers are pollinated by beetles. Each cluster has a sharp, slender, straw-colored bract at its base, which gives it a dense spike-like structure. It flowers in late winter/early spring, with fruiting 1-2 months after flowering. The plant is tolerant of sandy, loamy and clay soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It is a low water needing plant.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy

Soil Condition

Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

n/a

Dwarf Mat Rush
 
Razzleberry Red Fringe Flower
Razzleberry Red Fringe Flower
 

Loropetalum chinense 'Razzleberri'

Razzleberry Red Fringe Flower

This lovely evergreen shrub grows to 4'-6' tall and 4'-5' wide, in a mounding habit. It tolerates sun and shade but prefers well draining, moist, acid soil. New foliage is burgundy colored, changing to olive green. Red fringed flowers appear in spring but may show up all throughout the year. Provide a medium amount of watering and more during hot summer months.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Spring, Intermittent

Leaf Color

Green, Grey, Purple

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Razzleberry Red Fringe Flower
 
Adagio Eulalia Grass
Adagio Eulalia Grass
 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Adagio'

Adagio Eulalia Grass

These deciduous grasses grow from 3'-6' tall, and often turn orange or dark red before going dormant. Tall, showy spikes of feathery, curved seed heads are borne and retained well into the winter or the following spring. It should receive sun to part shade, and average to little summer watering. -Monterey Bay Nursery

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Red

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Wet Conditions

Adagio Eulalia Grass
 
Huron Sunrise Grass
Huron Sunrise Grass
 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Huron Sunrise'

Huron Sunrise Grass

The most profusely blooming Miscanthus. Though the green leaves with silver mid-ribs form beautiful clumps, the most outstanding feature of this new cultivar is its flowers. In late summer, a profusion of full, burgundy plumes sweep the sky. The plant maintains its graceful form throughout winter, providing tremendous winter interest. Hardy to zone 4, this variety is great for northern climates.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Purple, Red

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Silver, White, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Deer

Huron Sunrise Grass
 
Morning Light Silver Grass
Morning Light Silver Grass
 

Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning Light'

Morning Light Silver Grass

The 'Morning Light' is also a taller variety, growing to 6'-8' tall and 4'-5' wide. It has delicate feathery plumes and very thin graceful leaves. This is a variegated form with white leaf margins that shimmer in sun. It should receive sun to part shade, and average watering but more during hot spells. This plant looks better with more irrigation. Tall grasses are highly combustible.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

6-12'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Red

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green, Silver, White, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Deer

Morning Light Silver Grass
 
Nandina, Heavenly Bamboo
Nandina, Heavenly Bamboo
 

Nandina domestica

Nandina, Heavenly Bamboo

Nandina domestica is a graceful upright shrub that grows from 3'-6' in height. It gets its name from its bamboo-like growth habit. When thinned from the center it bears a remarkable resemblance to bamboo. It is best used in groups. It can be used in a shaded patio or out in a shrub border with full sun. An interesting feature of Heavenly Bamboo is the bronze color in the new growth when planted in full sun. It also bears clusters of white flowers in the spring.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Bronze, Light Green, Orange, Red

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Smog

Nandina, Heavenly Bamboo
 
Dwarf Compact Heavenly Bamboo
Dwarf Compact Heavenly Bamboo
 

Nandina domestica 'Nana'

Dwarf Compact Heavenly Bamboo

The ' Nana' is a small, rounded shrub that grows from 12"-15" high. Its growth habit is dense, and the leaves become bright red in color in cold winter areas. It can receive sun to part shade, and is used well as an accent plant.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Bronze, Green, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Dwarf Compact Heavenly Bamboo
 
Desert Museum Palo Verde
Desert Museum Palo Verde
 

Parkinsonia 'Desert Museum'

Desert Museum Palo Verde

Striking, generally multi-trunked tree to 25' tall and wide. Three-way cross between P. aculeata, P. microphyllum, and P. floridum. Plants are thornless, and produce abundant clusters of yellow flowers in the spring.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25'

Width Range

12-25'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Alkaline Soil

Desert Museum Palo Verde

Designer Notes

hardy to 15f

 

 
Palo Brea, Sonoran Palo Verde
Palo Brea, Sonoran Palo Verde
 

Parkinsonia praecox

Palo Brea, Sonoran Palo Verde

Spectacular tree with unusual, arching growth habit. Palo Brea can reach 25' tall and wide. Form is irregular, usually with multiple trunks and wide-spreading branches. Spring clusters of yellow flowers provide seasonal intrest.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25'

Width Range

12-25'

Flower Color

Yellow

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Green, Blue Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low, Low, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Windy Conditions, Smog, Alkaline Soil

Palo Brea, Sonoran Palo Verde

Designer Notes

hardy to 22f

 

 
Purple Fountain Grass
Purple Fountain Grass
 

Pennisetum 'Rubrum'

Purple Fountain Grass

This grass will reach 6' high and has deciduous, purplish/red leaves with clusters of purple flowers that appear in summer and fall. Rubrum is a warm-season grass. Where temperatures get colder than 20 degrees F, the plants should be treated as annuals. Once the grass turns brown it can either be removed immediately or removed in the spring. It should not be expected to live through the winter and begin growing again in the spring. In areas where winter temperatures remain above 20 degrees it should be considered a perennial and the following information should be useful. Warm-season grasses won't start growing until mid to late spring or even early summer. Their major growth and flowering happens when the weather is hot. They will usually turn shades of brown for the winter.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

1-3', 3-6'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Purple

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Purple, Red

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Deer

Purple Fountain Grass
 
Oriental Fountain Grass
Oriental Fountain Grass
 

Pennisetum orientale

Oriental Fountain Grass

Oriental Fountain Grass is a clumping, warm-season grass with spectacular pinkish white flowers in summer and sometimes fall. Flower plumes change to light brown. Foliage is a bright green that changes to straw color as winter approaches. This grass is 2.5' tall and wide. It usually does not reseed. This grass is striking if backlit to show off flower plumes.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat

Oriental Fountain Grass
 
Norway Spruce
Norway Spruce
 

Picea abies

Norway Spruce

Picea abies, known as the Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals. In grows typically to 100-150'.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

40-60'

Width Range

60-100', 100' and up

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Poor, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Windy Conditions

Norway Spruce
 
Canary Island Pine
Canary Island Pine
 

Pinus canariensis

Canary Island Pine

This graceful, slender-growing pine has a pyramidal form to about 70'. Its needles are long and drooping in bundles of 3. The foliage is a blue-green color, maturing to a dark green shade. Needles can grow to 12" long. Flowers are insignificant. Cones appear in the spring.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

25-40'

Width Range

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low, Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Windy Conditions, Smog

Canary Island Pine
 
Bristlecone pine
Bristlecone pine
 

Pinus longaeva

Bristlecone pine

This attractive, very long living conifer can slowly reach 60' tall with trunks that have a 80" diameter. The bark is red, fissured, thick with ridges. The needles are in fascicles of five, stout, up to 1.4" long, yellow green with resin spot. Juvenile leaves/needles resemble bottle brushes. The leaves show the longest persistence of any plant, with some remaining green for 45 years. Purplish red cones appear on mature trees. Branching is very irregular, very contorted.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

40-60'

Width Range

25-40'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Rocky

Soil Condition

Poor

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Deer, Rabbits

Bristlecone pine
 
Italian Stone Pine
Italian Stone Pine
 

Pinus pinea

Italian Stone Pine

Italian Stone Pine has a moderate growth rate to 40'-80' in height, spreading 20'-40' wide. It eventually forms a broad umbrella with a shaped, flat crown. The needles cluster in 2's, 5"-8" long, and brown to gray green in color. Bark is fissured, reddish brown with orange. Cones appear in spring, starting off green colored and changing to brown. They are shaped like small footballs. Some folks use the juvenile pine as Christmas trees.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

40-60', 60-100'

Width Range

12-25', 25-40'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Brown, Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Heat, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions

Italian Stone Pine
 
Ponderosa Pine
Ponderosa Pine
 

Pinus ponderosa

Ponderosa Pine

Defining this tree are bundles of dark, yellow green needles, which form tufts near the end of the branches. Its cones are ovular, and the bark of the young tree is a dark brown or black color. The shade of the bark changes as the tree matures, and becomes a reddish orange color with irregular scaly plates. This variety is known to grow 300 to 600 years. Pines are highly combustible plants.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

40-60', 60-100', 100' and up

Width Range

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green, Dark Green, Yellow Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Deer

Ponderosa Pine
 
Eastern White Pine
Eastern White Pine
 

Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus is a needled evergreen tree that is native to the northeastern United States and Canada. In the first stages of life the White Pine takes a pyramidal form. it matures to a broad oval habit with an irregular crown.It typically grows 50-80' in cultivation, but will grow to 100' tall in the wilderness areas. Landscape size and shape can be controlled through pruning and has been groomed into a hedge if desired.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

40-60', 60-100'

Width Range

25-40', 40-60'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Green, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Windy Conditions

Eastern White Pine
 
Blue Star Creeper
Blue Star Creeper
 

Pratia pedunculata

Blue Star Creeper

Pratia pedunculata has bright green, nearly stemless, 1/4" leaves. In late spring and summer, these form a backdrop for equally tiny, star-shaped pale blue flowers.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Blue

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half, Shade

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Moist

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Deer

Blue Star Creeper
 
Matilija Poppy
Matilija Poppy
 

Romneya coulteri

Matilija Poppy

This wonderful California native perennial can reach 5' tall and 8' wide. Foliage is gray green and 3-5 lobes. Large white flowers with yellow centers appear in spring and summer. Slightly scented, attracting bees and butterflies. This plant does best in full or part sun with well draining soil. However, it does spread by underground runners so consider planting on slopes or in areas where it is allowed to spread. Flowers are great for vase arrangements. This plant is drought tolerant once it's established.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Perennial

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

6-12'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Deer

Matilija Poppy
 
Apple Blossom Carpet Rose
Apple Blossom Carpet Rose
 

Rosa Flower Carpet Apple Blossom

Apple Blossom Carpet Rose

This attractive, reliable shrub that looks like a groundcover reaches 2'-2.5' tall and 3' wide. Light pink colored flowers cover the plant from spring through fall. Deadheading not necessary except to reshape the shrub in spring. This rose prefers full sun, acidic soil, moist, fertile, well draining soil. It's great for borders, perennial beds, containers. Flowers are not fragrant but a show stopper!

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Rich

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Apple Blossom Carpet Rose
 
Pink Splash Carpet Rose
Pink Splash Carpet Rose
 

Rosa Flower Carpet Pink Splash

Pink Splash Carpet Rose

Flower Carpet® Pink Splash provides masses of bi-color (hot pink and pale pink) blooms covering the bush from April/May through to late October. Flower Carpet® Pink Splash has rich glossy green foliage, on a bush which is more compact than the original Flower Carpet® Pink.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Pink, White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Rich

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Pink Splash Carpet Rose
 
White Flower Carpet Rose
White Flower Carpet Rose
 

Rosa Flower Carpet White

White Flower Carpet Rose

Flower Carpet® WHITE is considered by many to be the most disease-resistant white rose available. One of the earliest Flower Carpet roses to bloom in Spring, it has a pleasant fragrance and a notable ability to retain beautiful, snowy white flowers for the entire life of the flowers, even after exposure to rain. Flower Carpet® WHITE has excellent disease-resistance to common rose blights such as black spot and mildew.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Loam

Soil Condition

Rich

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

White Flower Carpet Rose
 
White Sage
White Sage
 

Salvia apiana

White Sage

This woody shrub has long stiff stems with gray green, wrinkled evergreen leaves when juvenile, changing to smooth and white with time. Fragrant white flowers bloom in the spring, attracting bees. Prune after bloom time to shape shrub. It provides a strong structural form as a garden focal point. It can reach 6' tall and wide; and is considered slow growing. Plant in full sun with well draining soil. Established plants need very little summer water. Leaves have been used for herbal teas and for medicinal purposes.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

White

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Grey, White

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Slow

Tolerances

Heat, Saline Soil, Deer, Rabbits

White Sage
 
Autumn or Texas Sage
Autumn or Texas Sage
 

Salvia greggii

Autumn or Texas Sage

The Autumn Sage is a hybrid evergreen shrub that grows 3'-4' high and wide. It has fragrant green leaves and colorful flowers in shades of red that bloom in spring and summer. This lovely perennial can tolerate sun or partial shade and is hardy to 15 degrees. The Autumn Sage is drought tolerant and attracts hummingbirds. The flower colors that can be grown are coral, pink, purple, red, and white. It can be grown near the coast and in inland warm valleys.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Extra in Summer

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Autumn or Texas Sage
 
Mexican Sage
Mexican Sage
 

Salvia leucantha

Mexican Sage

The Mexican Sage is a bushy shrub that grows 3'-4' tall and wide. It has hairy white stems, grey-green leaves and velvet-like purple flower spikes that bloom summer through fall. This shrub tolerates sun, light shade, little water, and is hardy to 15 degrees F. The Mexican Sage attracts hummingbirds. Be careful not to overwater. -Cornflower Farms

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

Purple

Flower Season

Summer, Fall

Leaf Color

Grey Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Heat, Saline Soil, Deer, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Mexican Sage
 
Purple Garden Sage
Purple Garden Sage
 

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens'

Purple Garden Sage

This low, mounding perennial of long bloom spreads by underground runners, and produces a small, silvery foliage which serves as a background for bright blue flowers. The bruised leaves have a spicy fragrance.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Shrub, Perennial

Height Range

1-3'

Width Range

1-3'

Flower Color

Blue

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Grey Green, Purple, Variegated

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Very Low, Low, Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray, Saline Soil, Windy Conditions, Smog, Deer, Rabbits, Alkaline Soil

Purple Garden Sage

Designer Notes

Wonderful Grey-purple foliage that stays through the Winter . Can spread to 3-4 foot wide shrublet. Likes sun, good drainage

 

 
California Pepper
California Pepper
 

Schinus molle

California Pepper

The California Pepper is a fast growing evergreen tree that will mature to a height of 25'-40' and as wide. Its bright green leaves are divided into many narrow, 1.5"-2" long leaflets. Additional Common Name: Mission Pepper

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree

Height Range

12-25', 25-40'

Width Range

12-25', 25-40'

Flower Color

Pink

Flower Season

Spring

Leaf Color

Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Very Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Poor

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Heat, Windy Conditions, Smog

California Pepper
 
Orange Stonecrop
Orange Stonecrop
 

Sedum nussbaumerianum

Orange Stonecrop

This succulent perennial will grow best in a wall pot or hanging basket due to its long stems. It has light, gray green leaves that grow over one another to give off a "braided" look. The flowers are pink to deep red and bloom in spring and summer.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Ground cover, Succulent

Height Range

Under 1'

Width Range

Flower Color

Red, Yellow

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Leaf Color

Bronze, Brown, Green, Red

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular

Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate

Tolerances

Heat

Orange Stonecrop
 
Giant Feather Grass
Giant Feather Grass
 

Stipa gigantea

Giant Feather Grass

This grass will grow 2'-3' tall and 2'-3' wide. It has narrow, dark green leaves with golden flowers that bloom in the summer. Tall grasses are highly combustible.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Grass

Height Range

3-6'

Width Range

3-6'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

Summer

Leaf Color

Green, Light Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full

Water

Low

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam, Rocky

Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Dry

Growth Rate

Moderate

Tolerances

n/a

Giant Feather Grass
 
Western Red Cedar
Western Red Cedar
 

Thuja plicata

Western Red Cedar

Green Giant Cedar is a fast growing evergreen tree, reaching 50'100' tall and 25'-60' wide. It's called Green Giant because it can grow 5' per year if in full sun, less if in shade. Leaves are dark green sprays and very dense. This is a great tree in a park or used as a privacy barrier in a large yard. No matter that deer like it; it grows so fast! It needs a moderate amount of water. Also called Western Red Cedar.

 

Anatomy

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer

Height Range

60-100'

Width Range

25-40', 40-60'

Flower Color

n/a

Flower Season

n/a

Leaf Color

Dark Green

 

 

Culture

Sun

Full, Half

Water

Medium

Soil Type

Sandy, Loam

Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained

Growth Rate

Fast

Tolerances

Salt Ocean Spray

Western Red Cedar

Designer Notes

For a tall hedge, this conifer grows fairly rapidly to 30-50 ft. tall and 10-15 ft. wide. Moderate to regular water.